Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty that involves the alteration of the human body. It includes reconstructive surgery, and the treatment of burns. It also includes cosmetic surgery. Reconstructive surgery is intended to reconstruct or improve a part of the body. Cosmetic surgery improves the appearance of it.
Plastic surgery includes facial and body surgery. Adult craniofacial surgery deals mostly with fractures and secondary surgeries along with orthognathic surgery.Pediatric craniofacial surgery involves the treatment of anomalies of the craniofacial skeleton, such as cleft lip and palate, craniosynostosis, and pediatric fractures. Some think of slang terms such as “boob job” or “nose job” when referencing this type of procedure. These procedures can be life altering, and impact, not only appearance, but also confidence and health. Hand surgery is concerned with acute injuries and chronic diseases of the hand and wrist, correction of congenital malformations of the upper extremities, and peripheral nerve problems. These medical professionals are, at times, considered to be artists as much as medical professionals. Plastic surgeons use surgical principles in all reconstructive surgical procedures to improve overall appearance. Hand surgery is an important part of training in plastic surgery, as well as microsurgery, which is necessary to replant an amputated extremity. The hand surgery field is also practiced by orthopedic surgeons and general surgeons. Scar tissue formation after surgery can be problematic on the delicate hand, causing loss of dexterity and digit function if severe enough. There have been cases of surgery to women’s hands in order to correct perceived flaws to create the perfect engagement ring photo.